Tuesday , June 28 2022

Yes, Nigeria is "the largest producer of children infected with HIV"


Under the title "Nigeria's largest producer of children infected with HIV" The newspaper Sun has reported a new project to prevent HIV transmission from HIV-positive mothers to their children.

At the launch, the Nigerian Health Minister said that "there is absolutely no reason why Nigeria should be a major producer of HIV-infected children." We contribute about 30% and our goal is to eliminate. . "

World Health Organization defining from mother-to-child transmission of HIV as transmission of the virus from a HIV-positive mother Ther child during pregnancy, labor, birth or breastfeeding.

37,000 new infected children in Nigeria in 2016

Adewole told Africa that it refers to UNAids data that showed that in 2016, Nigeria had the largest share (26.9%) of new HIV infections among the 23 priority countries of the organization.

This was based on the data available at that time, using existing figures for HIV prevalence at national level, total population, fertility rates and effective coverage of antenatal care and HIV services, "he said.

Gatien Ekanmian, Strategic Information Adviser at malaria, said for Africa that the organization uses such data to align itself in statistical modeling software.

For 2016, UNAIDS estimated that 37,000 children under 15 were recently infected with the Nigerian virus. Mozambique followed 9.6% of new infections (13,000 children) and South Africa with 8.6% or 12,000 children.

Uncertainty in estimating infantile infection

But the estimated number of new infected children in Nigeria could be as low as 22,000 or up to 56,000. This is because researchers need to make more assumptions when it comes to estimating the number of infections in children, UNAIDS explains. This increases the uncertainty.

"For example, intervals around estimates of adult HIV prevalence are lower than those around estimates of HIV incidence among children requiring additional data on prevalence among pregnant women and the likelihood of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, each of them have additional uncertainty, "says the methodological document.

Although data are for children under 15 and not just children, Ekanmian said UNAids believes other ways of infection "provokes a small proportion of the total number of children who have acquired HIV."

New HIV / AIDS Study for Nigeria

But more accurate data will be available soon.

"CNigeria leads one of the largest global surveys, known as the Nigeria HIV / AIDS impact and survey indicator, which is expected to have a preliminary data in early 2019, "said Ekanmian.

Frank Lule, regional counselor for HIV / AIDS at WHO Regional Office for Africa. said the survey would probably show that from mother to baby transport was lower than the rates previously reported. This is because in the past census data has been used to estimate the number of children born to HIV positive women, which has led to an increase in the number of children believed to have contracted HIV from their mothers.

Pregnant mothers can take precautions

Dr. Awoyemi Abayomi, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Biological Sciences within Taiwan University of Sciences, said lack of awareness was a reason for Nigeria's high parent-to-child transmission rate.

"Nigerian women infected with HIV are not aware of the precautions they need before, during and after pregnancy." To correct statistics, we need to address this issue. "

The country is MICS poll found that in 2007 only 13% of Nigerian women were tested for HIV and knew their status. This figure has fallen to 11% in 2012, but increased to 34.8% in 2016/17.

Conclusion: In 2016, Nigeria had the largest number of HIV-infected children in 23 countries

Reporting on the launch of a new HIV / AIDS prevention project from mothers to children, the Sun newspaper said Nigeria is "the largest producer of HIV-infected children."

UNAids data show that in 2016, Nigeria had the highest share (26.9%) of new mother-to-child HIV infections in 23 priority countries. She estimated that 37,000 children under 15 were newly infected with the virus.

But since HIV data in children are uncertain, this number could be as low as 22,000 or up to 56,000.

Nigeria is currently conducting one of the largest impact studies on HIV / AIDS in the world. This can provide a better picture of HIV infection among children in the country.

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