Sunday , October 17 2021

A landmark China on the Moon



China's booming space project has reached a historic landmark: a landing on the so-called hidden face of the moon.

Only three countries (the United States, the former Soviet Union and China) They sent spacecraft to the nearest satellite, visible on Earth, but this was the first time it landed on the farthest side.

National Space Administration of China announced that Chang's moon landing month,has opened a new chapter in the human exploration of the moon. "

An image sent to Earth by Changes 4 It shows a small crater and an arid surface that seems illuminated by the light of the ship itself. His name comes from a Chinese goddess who, according to legend, lived on the moon for millennia.

True power

The landing of the pioneering month emphasizes China's growing ambitions against its rivals The United States, Russia and Europe in space, besides strengthening the position of the Asian giant as a global power.

"Overall, Chinese space technology is still behind the West, but with landing on the dark side of the moon, we went ahead." said Hou Xiyun, a professor at the School of Astronomy and Space Science at Nanjing University.

According to Hou, China has Mars, Jupiter and the asteroids in her eyes: "There is no doubt that our nation will go further and further."

In 2013, Chang's 3, precursor ship of the current mission, made the first landing from the Soviet probe Month 24 in 1976. The United States is the only country that has successfully managed to bring a man to the satellite, although China also has a staff mission.

For now, Beijing plans to send Chang's ship 5 per month next year and make it return to Earth with samples, which is not the case after the Soviet mission in 1976.

Quiet place

The relatively unexplored hidden hidden face of the Moon has a different composition from the closest part where the previous space missions have landed.

Chang's mission 4, which includes a rover, includes low frequency radio astronomy observations and studies on the structure and mineral composition of the terrain above and below the surface.

"The hidden face of the moon is a rare calm place, free from the interference of radio signals on Earth" said mission spokesman Yu Guobin, according to the official Xinhua news agency.

"This can fill the gaps in observation of low-frequency radio astronomy and provide important information to study star origins and the evolution of nebulae."

One of the challenges to work on this side of the satellite is communicating with the Earth. China launched a transmission satellite in May so Chang 4 can send information to mission control.

China made its first space mission in 2003, becoming the third country to do so Russia and the United States. It has two space stations in orbit and plans to send a rover to Mars in the mid-2020s.

His space program suffered an unusual regression last year due to a failure to launch the Long March 5 rocket.

objectives

Environmental study The mission of the Chinese probe will carry out astronomical observations of low-frequency radio, detection of mineral composition and superficial surface structure, as well as neutron and neutral atomic radiation measurements to study the environment of the Moon's hidden face.

Culture. It is planned to grow vegetables and flowers in a sealed container as part of a series of experiments designed by 28 Chinese universities.

Draft crew trip. The ultimate goal of this program is a crew mission to the Moon, although the date has not been established and some experts place it around 2036.


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