For the first time in history, a mobile probe is active in the distant part of the Moon.
At 10:22 p.m. Beijing, Jan. 3, the Chinese Jade Rabbit 2 rotor reached the soft and snowy surface of the Moon after slowly rolling a runway extending from Chang's land 4, according to the CCTV television channel, and transmitted by the Associated Press. The rover was held about 10 hours after the Chang's spacecraft landed on the moon.
It is now the first time in history that a mobile probe is active in the distant part of the moon – a huge achievement for the National Space Administration of China (CNSA) and the nation's thriving space program.
"It's a small step for the rover, but a huge leap for the Chinese nation," said Wu Weiren, chief designer of the Lunar Exploration Project for CCTV. "This huge leap is a decisive move for exploring our space and for conquering the universe."
The bombastic words, to be sure, but the true meaning of this statement is probably lost in translation; through the "conquest" of the universe, Wu probably speaks of an increasing mastery of mankind over nature, not of a plan to assemble a galactic empire. At least we hope.
A photo taken by Chang & amp; 4 lander shows a six-wheel rider sitting pretty on the lunar surface with a pair of trace tracks behind it. Directly in front there is a threatening hole, almost certainly a crater. This image, along with others taken shortly after landing, are the first close-ups ever made by the so-called part of the Moon. We call this because it is the part that never faces the Earth. Our moon is closed, which means that a party is constantly confronted with our planet. It is a defamatory name called the "dark side" of the Moon, because the rays of the sun also reach the moon's Moon.
Each of the six wheels of the rover is powered independently so that Jade Rabbit 2 can still move if one or more wheels can break suddenly, reports the AP. The Rover can overcome obstacles with a height of less than 20 cm (20 centimeters) and climbs up hills less than 20 degrees. The maximum speed is about 200 meters per hour or a little over eight miles per hour
Back in 2013, China deployed its Yutu wheel, or Jade Rabbit 1, on the immediate side of the Moon as part of Chang's 3 mission. It was the first soft landing of a Moon probe from the Soviet mission Lunokhod 2 since 1973, but the Yutu rotor lost its ability to move after only two monthly nights.
Together with Chang 4's lander, Jade Rabbit 2 will collect scientific data to help scientists learn more about the early conditions of the solar system, mitigate the potential presence of water ice, study the relationship between solid winds and the surface of the Moon, and study of growth of low-weight plants, among other scientific purposes, according to CNN.
Another great thing about this mission, as the AP has pointed out, is that CNSA has used an innovative technology in which the Changsha Spacecraft has independently scanned the surface of the Moon before landing, selecting the safest possible landing space. That has never been done before.
In addition to collecting precious scientific data, China is also making some recognition and developing the technologies needed for a mission on the Moon. Beijing has made it known that it would eventually want to build a base on the lunar surface.
Indeed, China eventually begins to assert itself as a nation capable of space, and is rapidly approaching the United States, Russia and the European Union. Personally, I think it is wonderful that other countries have entered the space race seriously and inspiring other countries to keep up and develop new technologies, the better. Sometimes a little competition is a good thing, as long as it is channeled in the right direction.[AP]