Friday , September 30 2022

Excessive salt consumption in childhood: lifetime cardiovascular risk


In Argentina, more than double the recommended salt, which implies a serious threat to the health of the entire population, especially children.

While sodium is necessary for health, most children eat more than is safe and recommended. It is estimated that daily salt consumption in Argentina varies between 9.8 and 12.7 grams per person, despite the fact that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that it should not exceed 5 grams (2 g / day of sodium). While for children, the international health entity recommends reducing consumption to be proportionate to energy needs.

In turn, the American Heart Association recommendations range from a maximum of 1,500 mg to 2,300 mg / day of sodium for children, depending on age. American boys eat more than 3,300 mg a day, almost double the recommended amount.

"A diet rich in sodium may cause higher blood pressure in children and adolescents, which can lead to high blood pressure in adulthood. In addition, the association between sodium intake and the risk of high blood pressure seems to be stronger among overweight or obese children, "said cardiologist Fiorella Tartaglione (MN 144,259), for whom" the same group finds that the soda they consume is related to foods that pose an additional risk of obesity, such as sugary drinks. In fact, some studies suggest that high salt intake is associated with obesity. "

According to a member of the Argentine Cardiological Foundation (FCA), "it is important to note that more than 70% of the sodium is derived from processed and ultra-processed foods such as bread (bread, sweets and salt, croissants, pudding and pizza), sausages, canned, frozen, cheeses, soups, soups and packaged in general ".

The main consequences of this risk factor, the specialist added, are cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and coronary artery disease in adults.

Can the children's palace be educated? "If healthy habits involve the whole family, they will be more easily incorporated by the little ones. It is convenient to avoid foods rich in sodium in the diet of children and children with the aim of learning to enjoy natural flavors, "Tartaglione explained.

For her, "Children may not prefer too much salt if they receive less sodium from an early age." The consequences of high blood pressure are serious, so the best investment is to educate new generations from the time they were born. ".

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