Monday , August 15 2022

II International Multidisciplinary Congress on Smoking and Non-Transmissible Diseases



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This space, developed every two years by the National Commission for Tobacco Control, aims to train more than a thousand technicians and three hundred health managers to improve their knowledge and skills for comprehensive smoking management, prevention and its control.

During this scientific convention, parallel activities will be carried out to stimulate the interest in giving up tobacco users and raising the awareness of the population about the damage done to people through the use of cigarettes through activities such as: Photo Contest, painting, clinical case contest, research contest, troubadour contest, regional stand contest, all of which functioned under the lemma of the congress.

For more than 10 years, Panama has a comprehensive policy on tobacco control, since since 2004 our country is a party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the implementation of which is based on the application of various national regulations, from resolutions to laws, as in Law 13 of January 24, 2008.

Some important aspects of the legal regulation on tobacco control include:

Offer smoking cessation programs (today we offer free treatment in 47 surrender clinics distributed in different provinces).
Closed environments without 100% smoke (bars, pubs and more)
Including health warnings, pictograms and text: Smoking can cause death in cigarette packs.

The increase in the tax on cigarettes (of which a percentage is transferred to the Ministry of Health for the prevention and treatment of smoking and associated diseases) was collected on average by 25 million per year, but the health damage with tobacco consumption exceeds 100 million dollars.

Tobacco consumes more than 7.2 million lives in the world per year (including the effects of second-hand smoke exposure) and this figure is expected to increase considerably in the coming years.

At present, in Panama, the prevalence of current tobacco use among young people (13-15 years) decreased from 18.3% in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017. In 2017, the prevalence of smoking was estimated at 3.9% , with no statistically significant differences between boys and girls. Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke also recorded significant decreases both at home and in public places.

The Adult Tobacco Consumption (GATS) study indicated that the current prevalence of tobacco use in the population aged 15 years and over reached 6.4%, the lowest prevalence in the Americas region and the placement in our country , among the 4 with the lowest overall prevalence.

Between 2000 and 2015, the proportional mortality rate associated with tobacco use averaged 13.2% of total deaths, an average of 2029 deaths per year.

Tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful alcohol consumption, and unhealthy eating increase the risk of dying from one of the non-communicable diseases (NCD).

NCDs threaten progress towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), including a 33% reduction in premature death by NCD by 2030.

The Ministry of Health has made efforts to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases, in which control of risk factors such as the consumption of salt, sugar and unhealthy food is a national priority. Consistent with this struggle, regulation of sugary drinks and unhealthy food was implemented in school kiosks. In addition, we also need to implement the front label of the Food and Tax Regulation to make progress in our national plan against social transmission diseases.

Worldwide, about 4.1 million deaths per year are attributable to excessive salt / sodium consumption. More than half of the 3.3 million annual deaths attributable to alcohol consumption are due to NCDs, including cancer. Approximately 1.6 million deaths annually can be attributed to insufficient physical activity.

In the National Preventive Health Census, 900,000 people were counted, with impressive results: 36% of people suffer from hypertension, 14% of diabetes; 38% of dyslipidemias and 40% of obesity and overweight. These diseases generate a heavy payment for the Panamanian state and for families, increasing pocket expenses and economic losses associated with productivity downsizing.

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