OPPORTUNITY: The Rover, designed to last for 90 days, landed on Mars in 2004, and was still more until a dusty storm surrounding the planet hit in June. NASA is trying to revive the rover, since the dust storm ended using listening and commanding methods, the agency said in October. Engineers believe it's possible that a layer of dust on the rover's solar panel blocks the sunlight it needs to recharge. They have not given up hope, especially since the winds that usually occur between November and January helped clean the rover panels in the past. In any case, the six-wheeled rover exceeded the estimated lifetime several times.
SPIRIT: The Opportunity twins also had to last in the extreme winters of Mars and dust storms for only 90 days. But the Spirit remained stuck in the sand and ceased to function in 2009. As Opportunity, it landed on Mars in 2004, and in its nearly six-year mission nearly 124,000 photos were taken from the surface of the red planet. The spirit is partly made of aluminum recovered from the World Trade Center site, the towers of New York City that were destroyed in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
PHOENIX LANDER: This stationary ringing reached in Martian arctic in May 2008 and exceeded its initial three-month, five-month mission. Lander Phoenix targeted a circumpolar region and used a robotic arm to dig, pull, bake, smell and taste the planet's soil. Among the early results were the presence of ice-water in the Martian subterranean.
CURVED: The $ 2.5 billion, more modern and technical Rover landed on Mars in August 2012. The exploration began inside the Gusev crater, a region where abundant water was abundant in the past. The newer rover has made many discoveries, including that the ancient Mars could have sustained live microbes. It is powered by a plutonium generator so its operations have not been affected by the June dust storm. Earlier this month, he drove roughly 60 meters, pushing the total distance moved to more than 20 km. He experienced a "memory anomaly" in September, which engineers continue to diagnose.
HUMAN FOR MARS: NASA's dream to fly people on Mars is a mission that is very alive and rests on the latest generation Orion space capsule. NASA sent the Orion space capsule on test flights on a Delta IV Heavy rocket. NASA's long-term plan requires astronauts to land first on an asteroid and then later on Mars sometime in the mid-30s.