Thursday , June 8 2023

They warn that breastfeeding figures are well below what is recommended


Babies should receive breast milk as their only food in the first six months Credit: Shutterstock

Returning to the workplace, lack of breastfeeding and disinformation facilities has led to the abandonment of this practice; only 42% of children receive only milk from their mother up to six months

Even though last year there were 7% more women breastfeeding their babies in the first six months of life, promoting breastfeeding continues to be a pending issue in public health. An official report shows that although 68% of mothers have put the baby in the first hour of life, only 42% have exclusive breastfeeding, those who recommended 180 days, according to a new edition of the National Breastfeeding Survey (Enalac). This means that nearly 60% of children receive only breast milk for up to six months.

"The figures are well below what we want," says Guadalupe Mangialavori, coordinator of the National Direction for Maternity and Childhood and Adolescence (Dynamics) of the Ministry of Health of the Nation. And he adds, "We need to prioritize breastfeeding for its multiple benefits, it's urgent."

Returning to work or study, the lack of "friendly" breastfeeding and even misinformation influences the decision to abandon it.

If it analyzes whether the time spent separately from mother and child during the day influences the continuity of breastfeeding, the results confirm this. An average of four hours a day was considered. This period was sufficient for breastfeeding to drop from 91.6% to 85.9% for those under six months or 79.9% to 72.7% for those over one year.

"We need to make sure that all institutions, universities and jobs have a place to breastfeed and respect the breastfeeding woman," adds Mangialavori. "Often, the first barrier is the employer, who must give up time, but often collaborators, who are more tolerant of what
pause to go to smoke with which to do
pause to express milk. "

Already in the first poll on the myths and beliefs in the population that the Argentine Milk League made three years ago, half of those over 16 years of age participated in the breast milk market equivalent to artificial variants.

"If the population thinks that infant formulas are as good as breastfeeding, we are in difficulty as a society," says Mangialavori, "nursing mothers do not give the formula, we have a serious health problem in feeding children because we do not evaluate it ".

Breast milk is also attributed to a positive effect on weight during growth. "In addition to providing all the nutrients necessary for a child in the first six months of life and protection against childhood common illnesses (diarrhea and respiratory infections), there is increasing evidence that breastfeeding can benefit Long term, such as risk reduction overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence, "reports the World Health Organization. "Reduces 26% overweight and 35% incidence of type 2 diabetes," says Dinamia.

Reduce risks

Babies should receive breast milk as their only feed during the first six months of life. Only then should we include semi-solid foods and continue breastfeeding in a complementary manner for at least two years. This, as recalled in the report, reduces half the risk of diarrhea and the third possibility that children have respiratory infections, including hospitalizations for these reasons. Bronchiolitis is the most common lung infection, especially before the age of two. The research that the Infant Foundation has been doing for years in the country supports breastfeeding among the natural protection factors against the respiratory syncytial virus, which every year collapses the guards of pediatric hospitals.

Enalac had a representative population sample of up to a year and a half of each province: 18,566 children, grouped in two groups, under six months, and boys between 12 and 15 months old. Unlike previous editions in 2007, the Mangialavori team took socio-demographic and health indicators into account to refine results.

In eight provinces there have been changes in previous years in breastfeeding of the smallest group. While in Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Jujuy, La Pampa and San Luis the values ​​have improved in Misiones, San Juan and Santa Fe declining.

The infant formula was the most common replacement of breast milk in children under six months of age (59%), while cow's milk was the least frequent option (8%).

Basically, all babies can get breast milk and all women can breastfeed, "says Dinamia," there are only a few contraindications (total or partial) such as galactosemia (accumulation in the body of galactose, sugar lactose in breast milk) HIV or phenylketonuria (difficulty in processing a protein, phenylalanine, from food), so the health team is careful and instructed not to use superfluous breastfeeding.

For example, exclusive breastfeeding data are much lower in infants born prematurely (seven months pregnant) or underweight than those who exceed 2500 grams at birth (34, 7 and 54.7% respectively) .

"A low-birth-born baby leaving the institution without breastfeeding is the responsibility of the health team, and any opportunity that we do not protect from the start is an opportunity we are losing," says Mangialavori.

A national report

It is based on a sample of over 18,000 children

68 p
or one hundred

There are the mothers who put the baby in the first hour of life

26 percent

With exclusive breastfeeding, this percentage is reduced by overweight and in 35%, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children

59 percent

Mothers have chosen infants as the most common replacement for breastfeeding in children under six months of age

An insufficiently used tool

In the free line 0800-222-1002 (option 7) of the Ministry of National Health, only 184 consultations on breastfeeding were received from all over the country. The most common concerns are the small amount of milk for the baby, the pain in the breast, the right way to breastfeed, whether the medicines can be used during breastfeeding, how to handle the separation to go to work, how to conserve milk and what is the ideal weaning age.

Source link