Monday , June 27 2022

"The Last Tango in Paris," director Bernardo Bertolucci died at the age of 77


Italian producer Bernardo Bertolucci, who won the Emperor for the Last Emperor and whose last erotic drama The Last Tango in Paris enthusiastically shocked the world, died Monday. He was 77 years old.

Bertolucci's press office, Punto e Virgola, confirmed death in an e-mail to The Associated Press. Italian State RAI said Bertolucci died at his home in Rome, surrounded by his family.

"He will be remembered among the biggest in the Italian and world film," the Venice Film Festival, which awarded Bertolucci a lifetime award in 2007, he said in a statement.

Bertolucci's films have often explored sexual intercourse between blocked characters in a psychological crisis, as in The Last Tango.

The self-confessed Marxist also did not move away from politics and ideology, for example conformist, which some critics consider Bertolucci to be a masterpiece.

Despite having worked with American and international stars, Bertolucci has always defended his own style of shooting against what he said was the pressure of the American cinema industry. He maintained his critical success for most of his career, provoking controversy that would provoke provocative sexual work and some commercial flops.

RELATED: "Beyond Disgust": Hollywood's Horror at Last Tango In Paris's rape allegation

"When it comes to commercial cinema, I have the odd pleasure of feeling that I'm from another tribe, an infiltrated," he told the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera in 1990.

He was honored for his lifetime achievement at the Cannes Film Festival in 2011.

Bertolucci's films also impressed the director's experiences in psychoanalysis. He always said that making movies was his way of communicating with the audience. It was his personal language.

"Maybe I'm an idealist, but I still think the cinema is a cathedral where we all go together to dream the dream together," he said after receiving a Guild of America Director Award for his 1987 film The last emperor.

This film gave Bertolucci his greatest success. In 1988 he won all nine Academy Awards for which he was nominated – including the best film and best director.

The film – the first feature film to have been allowed to film in Beijing's Forbidden City – follows the life of the last emperor of China, from the end of the Qing Dynasty to the war criminal, and finally to an ordinary citizen in the Republic People.

It was filmed in the lush and lively style, which was one of Bertolucci's trademarks. It included grandiose scenes and intimate moments, as well as a biopic flashback structure.

Cinematographer Vittorio Storaro, who often worked with Bertolucci and won one of three Oscars with The last emperor, compared the director with William Faulkner.

"His style is no different than Faulkner's, which will continue for 30 pages without a period." Bernardo does not use the camera just to convey a single sentence, "everything has been pouring into anything else," Storaro said.

Bertolucci was born on 16 March 1941 in the northern city of Parma, the son of the poet Attilio Bertolucci and his wife Ninetta. The family moved to Rome when Bertolucci was 13 years old.

He originally wanted to be a poet like his father, but later he returned to the movies.

He began his career while still a student at the University of Rome, as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini's film Accattone. A year later, in 1962, he made his first film The grim Reaper, about killing a prostitute.

She soon became one of the brightest youngsters of international cinema. At the age of 30, he has already directed highly prized films: Before the Revolution in 1964, a reflection on the politics and middle class of the director's hometown; Spider Strategem In 1970, the story of a man returning to the scene of killing his father, an anti-fascist hero, to discover a network of lies; and conformist, which is based on a novel by Alberto Moravia and describes the struggle of a man, Jean-Louis Trintignant, to conform to society and expectations in fascist Italy.

But it was with The Last Tango that Bertolucci shot him and notoriety. The film, with Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, as a middle-aged man and a younger woman who engages in a brutal sexual relationship in an apartment in Paris, shocked the world and censored in his home country .

But his crude and improvised style also won the nominations of Brando and Bertolucci Oscar and was likened by New Yorker film critic Pauline Kael to Stravinsky The ritual of spring as a revolutionary artwork. The film was banned in Italy shortly after its release in 1972 and was not released again until 1987. The case went back and forth in court until the high court banned the film in 1976 and ordered the confiscated and destroyed children . Bertolucci, Brando and Schneider, and producer Alberto Grimaldi, were sentenced to two months' imprisonment and a fine of $ 40 each – although jail terms were suspended.

Schneider herself said she was traumatized by the film. The actress, who died in 2011, was only 19 during filming and told her Daily Mail in 2007, that a scene of rape involving a stick of butter was included without warning. "I should have called my agent or my lawyer to come to the set, because you can not force someone to do something that is not in the script, but at that moment I did not know that," she said.

"Marlon said," Maria, do not worry, it's just a movie, "but during the stage, even if what Marlon was not real, I was crying real tears. I felt humiliated and honest, m I felt a little bit raped, both by Marlon and by Bertolucci. "After the scene, Marlon did not console me or apologize, fortunately, there was only a make," she said.

Bertolucci then embarked on the most ambitious project, a four-hour epic story about the lives of two boys – Gerard Depardieu and Robert De Niro – through the political upheavals in Italy last century. The movie – 1900 – has won a critical praise, but has reached a spectacular commercial flop. Other Bertolucci films were included Surface of the sky, featuring Debra Winger and John Malkovich as an American couple who is trying to inject a new life into their relationship during a trip to Africa. The 1990 film won Bertolucci's Golden Globe nomination.

He also directed Little Buddha in 1993 with Keanu Reeves as Siddharta; The theft of beauty in 1996, with Liv Tyler in the role of a teenager who discovers sex during a trip to Italy; dreamers, again an erotic drama directed against a political background – in this case the 1968 student riots in Paris – with Eva Green and Louis Garrel as brothers who love the cinema that strikes a friendship with American student Michael Pitt. The film contained male nudity but was released in the United States.

Bertolucci married the English writer and director Clare Peploe. They had no children. Peploe is the sister of Mark Peploe, writer and close friend of Bertolucci, who worked with the director on a number of projects. Punto e Virgola, the press office, said the details of the funeral plans are not yet complete, but they expect a ceremony in the coming days.

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