The phenomenon of antimicrobial resistance is a concern for health authorities. According to the OECD, super-bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050. However, simple measures can be taken to combat this scourge.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) warns about excessive antibiotics, according to a report released on Wednesday (November 7th).
Finally, antibiotic-resistant bacteria could destroy 2.4 million people by 2050 in Europe, North America and Australia. Therefore, the urgency of reducing the consumption of antibiotics. Here are four questions to learn about antimicrobial resistance.
What is antimicrobial resistance?
"Antimicrobial resistance is the phenomenon of a bacterium becoming resistant to antibiotics," defines the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health. Bacteria, who are "accustomed" to this type of medicine, transform and develop defense mechanisms. Result? Antibiotics become ineffective in treating these infections.
What are the causes of antimicrobial resistance?
Resistance to antibiotics is caused by the excessive and repeated use of antibiotics. But antibiotics act both on the bacteria of the infection to be treated and on those that are important to the body. Therefore, all bacteria can develop mechanisms of resistance to antibiotics.
What are the consequences of antimicrobial resistance?
"Resistance to antibiotics threatens our current lifestyle and jeopardizes all the advances made by medicine for over 70 years", reports the website of the Ministry of Health. If the excess of antibiotics is not stopped, antimicrobial resistance may become one of the leading causes of death in the world.
Without effective antibiotics, the risk of medical interventions such as surgery or chemotherapy would be too great and therefore impossible. Diseases will last longer and cause serious complications.
Which population category is most affected by this scourge?
The probability of getting a resistant infection is significantly higher for children in their first year and for adults 70 years and older,, informs the OECD press release. On the other hand, men are more prone than women to develop a resistant infection.
How to stop antimicrobial resistance?
The OECD report shows that three out of four deaths caused by these infections can be prevented by simple measures: encouraging better hygiene (hand washing), more argued use of antibiotics, administering tests to patients diagnosing quickly to determine if they have viral or bacterial infections , delaying prescription of antibiotics, or organizing awareness campaigns in the media.
To read also:
⋙ WHO Alerts on antibiotics: how to use them?
Taking antibiotics would increase the risk of developing kidney stones
6 misconceptions about antibiotics