Saturday , May 28 2022

RD among countries that reduced malaria cases by more than 20% compared to 2017



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It is estimated that 630 deaths were recorded in 2017 as WHO considers the region of America, including Latin America, the Caribbean, the United States and Canada, as regards the 460 deaths in 2016 and 480 deaths in 2010.

Progressive progress in reducing the number of deaths in the region where malaria cases occur, especially in the Amazon region of South America, has been changed over last year, in an upward trend that exploded in 2017.

However, America remains the second region in the world, just behind Europe, where there are fewer deaths from malaria, according to the World Malaria Report 2018.

WHO estimates that 773,500 confirmed malaria cases have been reported in this region, up 14% from 2010 and 72% from 2015.

53% of these cases took place in Venezuela, followed by Brazil (22%), Colombia (8%) and Peru (7%).

Six countries in America saw the number of cases dropping by more than 20% in 2017 compared to the previous year: the Republic of Colombia Dominican, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Suriname.

While in Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, French Guyana, Nicaragua and Venezuela, cases have risen by over 20%.

In fact, Venezuela accounted for 84% of this growth in the region and is among the 10 countries in the world where total malaria cases have exceeded 300,000 in 2017.

In April last year, WHO announced that Venezuela has the largest increase in malaria cases in the world.

There are 138 million people in the region who are at risk of suffering this disease, potentially deadly but prevented and curable, caused by parasites that are transmitted to humans by mosquito bite.

WHO believes that the region "continues to make significant progress", and 11 of the 17 countries are on track to achieve a 40% reduction in incidence rate by 2020.

Paraguay has won this year's Malaria Country Certificate, being the first American country to have received this Cuba status 45 years ago; and Argentina is underway because it has not recorded cases for 3 consecutive years.

According to the report, the global fight against malaria remains stagnant and, despite a slight improvement in the mortality rate, another two million people contracted in 2017.

In 2017, a total of 219 million cases of malaria were counted – compared to 217 million a year ago – in the world and about 435 000 people lost their lives, compared with an estimate of 451 000 deaths in 2016.

The continent most penalized with this growth is again Africa, where ten countries – along with India eleventh – account for 70% of all malaria cases, about 151 million.

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