Lack of physical activity in the United States is increasing among adults and is responsible for about 10% of premature mortality, according to the "Physical Activity Guide for Americans," published on Wednesday in the Jama journal.
The analysis detailed that one in four adults in the country is sedentary for more than eight hours per day and that four out of ten do not have intense physical activity or exercise moderate or vigorous exercises during the week.
The guide recommends that adults perform at least 150 to 300 minutes per week of moderate physical activity or 75 to 150 minutes per week of intense aerobic exercise.
According to the analysis, the cost associated with an "inadequate" physical activity is $ 117,000 million a year in that country.
Of the 5,900 adults interviewed for the analysis, one in ten reported the session for more than eight hours a day and did no exercise.
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"About 80% of adults and adolescents in the United States are not active enough," the report said.
He stressed that physical activity "stimulates normal growth and development and can make people feel, function and sleep better".
In addition, it improves bone quality and weight for children aged 3 to 5 years and developing cognitive capacity for those aged 6 to 13.
It also helps reduce cancer cell metastasis, reduce falls that cause the incapacity of older adults and reduce the risk of mortality in people with various chronic conditions.
The authors of the report, Katrina Piercy and Richard Troiano, specialists of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), underlined that these guidelines have been in place since their publication today.
Thus, children aged 3 to 5 should have physical activity throughout the day to improve their growth and development, while those aged 6 to 17 "should have 60 minutes daily or more than moderate to vigorous physical activity. "
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It is also recommended to perform muscles that stretch "two or more days a week".
Pregnant women and postpartum women are recommended for a moderate aerobic exercise of at least 150 minutes a week.
For the elderly, the guide calls for physical activity that includes "balanced training as well as aerobic and muscle stretching activities"