Every tenth patient with a dietary intake disorder will succumb. The vast majority of patients are young women, the proportion of youngest patients aged between 10 and 14 years is growing. Experts are therefore working to prevent children from primary schools. The press release was informed by the First Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University in Prague, which organized a discussion meeting of the Medialogues on this topic.
Hospitalized for these disorders last year was more than 450 people, outpatients were treated with 3700. "Patients die on average at 25 years. Mortality is double that of other psychiatric diagnoses and ten times higher compared to the general population. The risk of suicide is up to 200 times higher, "explained Hana Papežová of the Psychiatric Clinic of the First Faculty of Medicine of the Charles University and the General University Hospital in Prague.
The median duration of illness is six years, one third of patients have a chronic course of twenty-thirty years of premature death. Only in the early days is the palliative care of patients consistently rejecting treatment and food. Legislative delimitation is still waiting for involuntary treatment of patients at risk of life.
Less than a quarter of those treated for disorders of food intake in hospitals were patients aged between 10 and 14 years. Another 39 percent was between 15 and 19 years. Young patients may also cause the greatest damage, according to experts. "The changes that the illness affects in the developing baby's body at the beginning of adolescence can be irreparable. Internal female organs are developing in adolescence, they do not develop in adulthood. Therefore, it is necessary to start the treatment on a timely basis, "said Libuše Stárková from the Clinic of Psychiatry at the Palacký University Faculty of Medicine and the Olomouc University Hospital.
"Dieting disorders have a number of different causes and manifestations, but there is common discontent with one another, a greater degree of dependence on the opinion of others about us and the effort to succeed in something," explained psychologist Jan Kulhánek from the Anděl ambulance in Prague.
Prevention experts are targeting children in elementary schools. Many school children do not know what their optimal weight is and especially girls are struggling with increasing weight in relation to height and age. In the elderly, children consider dieting to be self-evident and do not know adequate eating habits, often even helping with vomiting or smoking.
Disorders of food intake include rejection of food or mental anorexia, overeating, bulimia, and other illnesses. Mental anorexia occurs in about 1.5 percent of all girls and young women, more common in middle and upper social classes. Bulimia is more common among high school and college students, with about four to 15 percent of girls.