COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a progressive and slow respiratory disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also known as COPD, kills between 15,000 and 17,000 people each year in France.
This chronic bronchitis is caused by inhaled toxins, the most important of which is tobacco.
Symptoms gradually appear because it is a slow and progressive disease. Coughing, spitting, difficulty in breathing and especially difficulty in breathing effort. Finally, it is difficult even to climb the stairs because the quality of the bronchi decreases and the gas exchanges between oxygen and carbon dioxide no longer exist. Gradually, the alveoli in which these exchanges take place are totally destroyed. Because of this massive destruction, the patient can not breathe.
It is irreversible even if there is a treatment that slows the process. The first thing you have to do is, of course, to stop smoking. We have treatments that vasodilate the bronchi and which therefore allow us to pass a little more oxygen.
It is followed by functional breath tests, blowing in tubes to measure breathing capacity.
There may be superinfections for which it is necessary to use fairly large corticosteroids as well as antibiotics.
Unfortunately, it is a disease that often leads to oxygen therapy, which may be punctual or permanent due to portable oxygen bottles.