NFollowing the serious crimes committed recently by Syrian suspects in Chemnitz or Freiburg, requests to stop the complete deportation of the deportation in the country of civil war are rising.
Next week, the Länder's Interior Ministers Conference will decide whether to extend the renunciation of repatriation, which has been in force since 2012, by mid or late next year. The crucial question is: Is Syria fundamentally too dangerous or are there certain parts of the country where serious offenders could be deported without the threat of life and limbs?
To answer this question, domestic ministers have already asked the Foreign Affairs Ministry last winter to reassess the security situation. Now, the Foreign Office has prepared a confidential report, WELT exists.
However, the work is not a regular report on the asylum situation, but a "general overview of the current situation" detailed in Syria. Due to the closure of the German embassy in Damascus in 2012, "the ability to create a qualified and meaningful image of the situation based on our own visions" is substantially limited, the newspaper says. Because of "high volatility" in Syria, "this report can only be seen as a snapshot."
For those half of Syrians who fled to Germany who received refugee protection because of political persecution, the Foreign Ministry sees no possibility for a safe return. "There is no comprehensive, long-term and trustworthy protection for people persecuted in any part of Syria" that there is "no legal certainty or protection against political persecution, arbitrary arrest and torture."
And for the other Syrians living in Germany who have received subsidiary protection for civil war refugees, the Federal Bureau of Foreign Affairs believes that the situation in their homeland is very dangerous. Although the battles "have fallen significantly lately," there are still battles, for example in Idlib and Aleppo.
In the security authorities, but also in some parts of the local population, returnees are therefore "cowards and deserters, in the worst case, even as traitors or adherents of terrorists." There have been cases where returned persons have been temporarily imprisoned or "disappeared" definitively.
This concerns the opposition, but it could also be "in connection with an unfinished military service." In Syria, men have a general military service and, since 2011, de facto permanent. They are isolated only in families, as well as in students.
According to the AA report, "male repatriates of legal age (aged 18-42) are ordinarily accredited for military service after their return, in part after a one month prison sentence for desertion."
In the context of the local reconciliation agreements in the areas recaptured by the Syrian regime and the Lebanese returnees, the Syrian regime guaranteed a six-month grace period for men of military age. However, this has not been observed in many cases. New recruits from "the former opposition bastions are said to have been sent directly to the front line in the past."
According to the report, UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration, also a United Nations organization and the International Red Cross, see "the conditions for the voluntary return of refugees to Syria in safety and dignity because of continued significant security risks for the civilian population are not given in Syria ".
Given the "deserted economic situation, there is little chance of creating a sufficient living." The Universal Service is "almost entirely covered by UN assistance programs. According to the World Bank, 69% of the Syrian population is living in extreme poverty, over 50% of the workforce is unemployed and more than one third of children can not go to school.
Police, security and intelligence services "have systematically used torture practices, particularly against the opposition or those who are opposed to the regime." According to the report, torture "does not stop in Syria by children".
Are safe areas in Syria
"The assessment of the security situation in Syria by the Foreign Ministry seems clear," said CDU Foreign Policy Nikolas Löbel WORLD. "Löbel also called on the federal government, together with our European and international partners, to consider creating safe detention areas in Syria, where we can deport serious criminals and terrorist perpetrators."
Otherwise, only strict detention for this group of people in Germany is taken into account. "Because the security situation in Germany should not suffer because of Syria's security situation."
SPD Group Vice-President Rolf Mützenich spoke in Germany's editorial network "in front of continuing hostilities and terrorist threats", strictly against deportations to Syria. But Badr-Württemberg Interior Minister Thomas Strobl (CDU) said that nobody understood why people who threatened security in Germany could not be deported to Syria. He is not himself.