Maputo (dpa) – About 400,000 people die each year from a malaria infection. The fight against mosquito-borne illnesses is difficult, especially in Africa.
The World Health Organization (WHO) will present its new annual report on malaria control in Mozambique this afternoon. WHO has warned some time ago that the disease is spreading again after many years of fighting.
The most recent WHO annual report has once again shown a slight increase in the number of cases. Accordingly, in 2016, about 216 million diseases were reported in 91 countries, five million more than in the previous year. Approximately 450,000 people died of malaria, mostly in Africa.
Approximately half of the world's population lives in areas at risk of malaria, according to the WHO. However, in rich Asia and Latin America, prophylactic measures and medical treatment are significantly better than in Africa. Malaria is transmitted through Anopheles mosquito bites, which can carry pathogenic properties – the so-called plasmodia.
Malaria causes fever, anemia and often neurological problems. If left untreated, it can be fatal.