As a writer and editor, Lee was the key to Marvel's ascension into a titanic comic book series in the 1960s when, in collaboration with artists such as Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, he created superheroes who would delight young generations readers.
"He felt an obligation to his fans to continue creating," said her daughter, JC Lee, in a statement to Reuters. "He loved his life and loved what he did to live his family, loving him and the fans to love him, he was irreplaceable."
He did not mention Lee's death, but the TMZ news site about celebrity said an ambulance was called at Lee's home in Hollywood Hills on Monday morning and died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
Americans were familiar with superheroes in front of Lee, partly because of the launch of Superman by Detective Comics in 1938, the company that would become DC Comics, Marvel's archive.
Lee was widely credited for adding a new layer of complexity and humanity to superheroes. His characters were not made of stone – even though they seemed to be wrought out of granite. They were worried about love and money and suffered tragic defects or feelings of insecurity.
"I felt it would be fun to learn a little about their private life, their personalities, and it looked like they were both human and super," Lee told NPR News in 2010.
He helped design superheroes, but he took full responsibility in promoting them.
His creations included adolescent Spider-Man, Muslim Hulk, X-Men outsiders, Fantastic Four and playboy inventor Tony Stark, better known as Iron Man.
Dozens of Marvel Comics movies, with nearly all the major characters Lee created, were produced in the early decades of the 21st century, earning over $ 20 billion in theaters around the world, according to box office analysts.
Spider-Man is one of the most successful characters and has climbed the New York horizon as an inflatable giant on Macy's Parade Thanksgiving.
Lee, as a hand on Marvel, received a limited salary on the win.
In a contract in 1998, he fought a 10% clause for Marvel character and TV shows. In 2002, he sued to claim his actions, months after "Spider-Man" conquered the cinemas. In a legal situation, three years later, it received a single payment of $ 10 million.
Hollywood studios have made superheroes the cornerstone of their strategy of producing fewer movies and relying on big profits from blockbusters. Some people assumed that as a result, Lee's wealth grew. He challenged this.
"I do not have 200 million dollars, I do not have $ 150 million, I do not have $ 100 million, or close to that," Lee said in Playboy magazine in 2014. After growing up in the Great Depression, Lee added that he is "happy enough to get a nice salary and be treated well."
In 2008, Lee received the National Medal of Arts, the highest award of the government for creative artists.
WHERE HELPS UNCLE
Lee was born in New York on December 28, 1922, as Stanley Martin Lieber, son of Jewish immigrants in Romania. At the age of 17, he became a boy from Timely Comics, the company that evolved in Marvel. He obtained the job with an internal connection, his uncle, according to the autobiography of Lee "Excelsior!"
Lee soon earned writing fees and promotions. He wrote western stories and novels as well as stories about super heroes and often wrote on the porch of Long Island, New York home with his wife, actress Joan Lee, whom he married in 1947 and who died in 2017.
The couple had two children, Joan Celia, born in 1950, and Jan Lee, who died three days after his birth in 1953.
In 1961, Lee's boss saw a rival success with the captured crusaders and told Lee to dream a superhero team.
Lee, at the time, felt that comics were a career at the end of the year. But his wife urged him to give him another shot and create the complex characters he wanted, even if it would have burned.
The result was Fantastic Four. He was a stretchable Mr. Fantastic, his invisible future wife, his brother The Human Torch and the powerful man, The Thing. They were like a devoted but dysfunctional family.
"Stan's characters were always superheroes who had a certain amount of humanity about them or a defect," said Shirrel Rhoades, former executive vice president of Marvel and his publisher in the mid-1990s.
"As iconic as Superman, he is considered a scout of boys. He has no real flaw," said Rhoades. "As you take a Spider-Man, the kids identify with him because he has his problems as they did.
Lee involved his artists in the process of creating the story and even the characters themselves, in what would become known as the "Marvel Method." Sometimes, critics have led Lee to give faith to ideas that were not entirely his.
He described his creative process at Reuters, pointing out how he appeared with his character Thor, the god of Thunder borrowed from Norwegian mythology.
"I was trying to think about something that would be completely different," he said. "What could be bigger and even stronger than Hulk?" And I thought why not a legendary god? "
To give Thor more rhetoric, Lee gave him a dialogue after the Bible and Shakespeare.
Regarding Tony Stark-Iron Man, he was based on industrialist Howard Hughes, Lee said interviewers.
Lee became Marvel editor in 1972. He followed the reading circuit, moved to Los Angeles in 1980 and watched opportunities for his film and television characters.
Through all this, he continued to connect with the fans, writing a column called "Stan's Soapbox", in which he often slipped into the phrase "Nuff Said" or signing "Excelsior!" In recent years, he has been providing constant updates through Twitter.
"Stan was a character, he was a character as much as anyone he ever created," Rhoades said. "It was created in a way."
He also made cameos in most of Marvel's films, dragging a girl away from the scrap that falls in 2002's "Spider-Man" and serving as emcee to a strip club in "Deadpool" in 2016.
Walt Disney Co. bought Marvel Entertainment in 2009 for $ 4 billion in a business to expand Disney's character list, the most iconic being Lee's work.
At this point, Lee only managed to break away from Marvel after becoming the emeritus president of the company. But even in the '80s and' 90s, Lee was a source of new projects, led by a company called POW! Entertainment.
"His greatest legacy will be not only co-creation of his characters, but how he helped build the culture that comics have become, which is quite significant," said Robert Thompson, an expert on pop culture at Syracuse University.