Monday , September 26 2022

How is PTSD treated, what are the signs of trauma, and how was shock treated during the First World War?


Post-traumatic stress stress (PTSD) can affect anyone and can have a major impact on someone's life.

Those who suffer from this condition may have nightmares and flashbacks – what other signs exist and how is it treated?

Following the tragic terrorist attack in Manchester, health experts have warned that those who have experienced events may have PTSD

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Following the tragic terrorist attack in Manchester, health experts have warned that those who have experienced events may have PTSD

What is PTSD?

PTSD is an anxiety disorder caused by stressful, frightening or stressful events.

The first cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were documented during the First World War between 1914 and 1918.

The soldiers have developed a "shell shock" as a direct result of the grave conditions in the trenches and the horrors they were supposed to present.

Nearly half of wandering women are considered to have signs of PTSD, while US doctors have now approved studies to treat PTSD with ecstasy.

About 12 out of 100 Gulf War veterans develop the disease, like many British soldiers who fought in Afghanistan and Iraq in recent years.

People affected by this condition are often forced to withdraw from the past a traumatic event through a series of nightmares and flashbacks.

They can also experience feelings of isolation, guilt, irritability, insomnia and lack of concentration.

In many cases, these symptoms have a serious impact on the person's daily life.

It can also affect the person's ability to drive – so patients have to inform DVLA about their conditions.

PTSD was officially recognized as a mental health condition by American psychiatrists in 1980.

Causes of PTSD

The causes of PTSD include, but are not limited to:
* Serious road accidents
* Violent personal attacks, such as sexual assault, kidnapping or robbery
* Prolonged sexual abuse, violent or gross negligence
* Witnessing violent death
* Military combat
* Being hostage
* Terrorist attacks
* Natural disasters, eg. severe floods, earthquakes or tsunamis.

What are the signs of post-traumatic stress disorder?

  • Revisiting: This is the most common symptom.
  • It often takes the form of flashbacks, nightmares, images or repetitive and troublesome sensations, sweating, pain, nausea and trembling.
  • Avoidance: Avoiding certain people and places that recall the person's experience.
  • Many people avoid talking about traumas – and can be distracted by work or hobbies.
  • Some people try to pull off their emotions completely, which can lead to their isolation and withdrawal.
  • Hyper-arousal: Driving into angry outbursts, irritability, insomnia and lack of concentration.
  • Other mental health problems: Including depression, anxiety or phobias.
  • Self-harm or drug / alcohol abuse.
  • Physical Symptoms: Headache, dizziness, chest pain and bellyache.
  • At Children: Wet defense, separation anxiety or re-initiation of traumatic events through their play.

PTSD may develop as soon as someone suffers from a disturbing event – but in some cases occurs weeks, months or even years later.

Mental illness affects about one third of people who have had a traumatic experience – and it is not clear why some people develop this condition and others do not.

It is unclear why some people develop PTSD and others do not

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It is not clear why some people develop PTSD after they have suffered trauma, and others do not

How is it treated?

Careful waiting, conscious expectation: Monitor one's symptoms to see if they improve or worsen without treatment.

Psychotherapy: Examples include traumatic cognitive trauma therapy (CBT) or ocular movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).

Group therapy: An opportunity to discuss PTSD with others who experienced the same trauma.

Examples of charity organizations and support groups in the United Kingdom include Stress of Fight (for existing military personnel), rap crisis (for women who have been abused, domestic violence and sexual assault), Victim Support (for victims or witnesses of crime ) for those who have suffered.


How can children seek help with PTSD?

Children, adolescents and other young people struggling with PTSD will normally be treated with CBT.

There will be a course of eight to 12 sessions that match the child's age. Family members can be invited if necessary.

Medication treatment is not recommended for young people.

How was the shock during the First World War treated?

In the early years of the conflict, it was thought that shelling was caused by physical damage to the nerves.

However, doctors soon realized that some men who had suffered from this condition had not been in the forefront.

British Psychological-Analytical Association President Ernest Jones said the war involved "an official abrogation of civilized standards," in which soldiers were encouraged to participate.

He added that "the return to the mental attitude of civil life" could cause serious psychological trauma, the BBC reports.

There have been a variety of ways in which men have been treated for this condition.

Power shock treatment, massage, diet changes and rest were used as ways to try to bring the soldiers back into action.

Hypnosis, training and teaching or strengthening of "masculinity" have also been used.

A physician from a York military hospital said a shock sufferer "must be induced to cope with the disease in an omnipresent way."

What celebrities spoke about the post-traumatic stress disorder?

Lady Gaga revealed she has been struggling with PTSD for over a decade after being raped as a teenager.

The singer admitted that she was struggling with a secret psychic illness since the attack – which happened when she was only 19 years old.

Whoopi Goldberg also made public that he was receiving therapy for this disorder.

Steaua started fighting the symptoms after seeing two planes crashing like a child.

Barbara Streisand and Alanis Morissette are other famous faces to talk about the debilitating state.

Most recently, Mel B from Spice Girls is the latest celebrities to reveal that they suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.

The American Star "Got Talent" said that "the last six months were incredibly difficult" and that she was checking out at a clinic to fight her drinking problems.

Lady Gaga opens on the fight with post-traumatic stress disorder

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