Rome, Nov. 16 (AdnKronos Health) – The concept that alcohol consumption, even at moderate doses, is still harmful to health "is not reflected in the analysis of in-depth scientific data without prejudices." This was written in a letter published in the journal Lancet, Giovanni de Gaetano, director of the Irccs Neuromed Department of Epidemiology and Prevention in Pozzilli (Isernia), Simona Costanzo, researcher of the same department, and Arne Astrup, professor at the University in Copenhagen.
Experts respond to a study, published in the same journal, according to which the maximum level of alcohol consumption should be significantly reduced compared to what is currently suggested (about two glasses of wine per day), bringing the safety margin to less one glass a day. "In fact, they note that the study was interpreted by the media as an alarm that the only healthy choice would be the total removal of alcohol from their habits."
"The study to which we answer," explains de Gaetano, "has a particular feature that, in our opinion, affects its conclusions: by comparing health at different levels of consumption of alcoholic beverages, in fact, researchers have excluded. a graph that shows how the risk of various diseases is already rising to very small amounts of alcohol consumed, but this is an unjustified choice. When we analyze the data, we are inserting abstainers, in fact, see how moderate alcohol users have a low risk of illness compared to those who do not drink at all. Of course – remember – as we know, at higher doses, this fall in risk is lost and, indeed, we will increase.
On this basis, the three authors of the letter conclude that previously published research adds nothing to existing scientific knowledge. I was very surprised that non-consumers were eliminated from the analysis without valid scientific justification – adds Astrup – A correct interpretation of the data therefore confirms how moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a lower risk of disease , not only in terms of cardiovascular disease but also total mortality, "concludes the expert.