Saturday , May 28 2022

Pharmacists explain how to avoid type 2 diabetes – Beautiful and healthy – Woman


"2. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin incorrectly. As a result, insulin may be inadequate in the body, may be normal or even high, but the use of insulin in cells is disturbed and blood sugar remains high. Sugar can not be prevented by reducing or removing sweets from the menu. To avoid the disease, it is necessary to provide conditions in which the body can function normally, "explains the pharmacist.

Keep your normal body weight

Normal body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, overweight is considered the main risk factor for the development of diabetes for both women and men. As the body becomes obese, the size and number of fat cells increases, which complicates the penetration of glucose into the cells, which requires an increased amount of insulin – the pancreas is not able to produce it in the required amount. With the increased need for insulin, metabolism changes and the body starts to function incorrectly. The risk of developing diabetes is also determined by the placement of fat in the body. Superior obesity (apple obesity) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes more than the oblique side of the body (pear).

»Expert advice for the elderly on how to maintain lifestyle and well-being

To prevent diabetes, foods that provide all the nutrients and minerals needed are valuable but do not encourage excessive pounding. Each table must be made according to the so-called the principle of the vessel, where half a plate is for vegetables. Vegetables must be fresh. If you prepare salads, then without fat sauces, they can be poured with light olive oil and citrus sauce. ¼ Protein products – meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, pulses and carbohydrate ¼ for starch preparations should be provided. Good choices are whole wheat products such as whole grain pasta, brown rice, wheat and different cereals.

It is recommended to use a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) foods such as olive oil, rape or flaxseed oil for preparing meals. The best choice for cooking is the oven or dishes where food can be cooked without excess fat. Excessive consumption of heavy meat, cakes, pastries, chocolate and other sweets should be avoided. There must be at least 2 liters of water. It is advisable to plan regular meals and avoid misleading between meals to keep the menu healthy and balanced.

Adhere to a sufficient amount of physical activity

A physically active lifestyle is the key to success in avoiding various health problems, including type 2 diabetes. A sufficient amount of physical activity should be followed especially by those who carry out office work and spend their daily lives often. Movements help not only reduce weight, but because the person moves more, the more muscles consume energy (glucose), which leads to a lowering of the sugar level. It is important to have physical activity every day or at least 5 days a week. This does not mean you have to go to the gym every day, it's best to spend 20 minutes on exercise or take a stroll for 30-60 minutes.

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