Wednesday , May 31 2023

Angina pectoris .. Symptoms, causes and methods of treatment


Angina pectoris is a type of chest pain that results from a decrease in blood flow to the heart. A lack of blood flow means that the heart muscle does not have enough oxygen, and pain often results from physical activity or emotional stress..

According to the US medical site "HealthLine", Keeping your stable angina can help you treat your symptoms more easily.

Angina pectoris
Angina pectoris

Angina pectoris is another form of angina pectoris that occurs suddenly and worsens over time and can lead to a heart attack..

Although stable angina is less dangerous than unstable angina, it can be painful and uncomfortable. Both types of angina are usually signs of a potential heart attack, so it is important to see your doctor as soon as the symptoms appear..

What Causes Angina?

Angina occurs when the heart muscle does not have the necessary oxygen to function properly, and the heart works more strongly when it suffers from emotional or physical stress.

Some factors, such as atherosclerosis, can prevent you from getting more oxygen, and the arteries can become narrow and difficult when the plaque (a substance made from fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances) accumulates inside the artery walls.

What are the symptoms of angina?

Painful feeling of cramping or fullness is often described in the middle of the chest. Pain can be felt as if you were to force your chest or a big weight on your chest, this pain can spread from chest to neck, arms and shoulders.

Angina pectoris
Angina pectoris

During a stable pectoral ring of angina, you may also encounter:

  • Breathing difficulties

  • nausea

  • fatigue

  • dizziness

  • Excessive sweating

  • anxiety

Angina usually occurs after exercise, and the symptoms are, in most cases, temporary for up to 15 minutes. This differs from unstable angina, where pain can be persistent and severe.

What are the risk factors for angina pectoris?

Risk factors for angina include:

  • Weight gain

  • A history of heart disease

  • The presence of high cholesterol or high blood pressure

  • Presence of diabetes

  • smoking

  • Do not practice

Large meals, strong physical exercise and very hot or cold weather can cause angina in some cases.

Angina pectoris
Angina pectoris

How is angina treated?

Stable treatment for angina includes changes in lifestyle, medication and surgery, thus reducing physical effort to help manage chest pain.


Some lifestyle changes can help prevent future angina pectoris episodes.


A drug called nitroglycerin helps effectively relieve pain associated with angina pectoris.


Your doctor will perform immediate surgery to treat angina if the medicines fail.

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