What is the disease?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD, COPD) is a severe pulmonary disease in which, due to the high level of breathing, a person can no longer carry out simple household tasks. According to the latest chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the world, and in Lithuania it is the fifth. The disease is not curable, but its progression can be slowed down by changing lifestyle and regular medication. Unfortunately, in Lithuania, even 9 out of 10 patients do not heal.
Mr. Bronislovas is not one of them. Movement, annual relaxation at sea, positive attitudes and regular drug use have slowed down the progression of the disease and it is now easier to talk about the disease.
"I could not get to bed"
Ukmergiškis walks throughout his life. Talk about killing every day and 6 km – and moving, and saving money. However, after having reached a severe lung disease, the ukmergic tract is considerably shortened.
The illness went slowly. I was, I'm moving in a kilometer and I'm traveling. After only 500 m, I could go until I could not get to bed at night – I had to sleep at night. It just hurt her, my wounded chest, so I could not breathe – I pressed my nose so that for at least one minute I should not breathe, "- recalls B. Kaselis as the exacerbation of the disease.
Self-exacerbated disease has been reported previously – there was a garland in the neck, as Mr Bronislovas said, "the cock started singing in the throat." During the month, the exacerbation became stronger so that no one would raise his arm without giving up. The most commonly used treatment was in the hospital.
Supported by active lifestyle and drug use
B.Kasel's life went by observing the weather – the man worked in a meteorological station for the most part of his life. Health has never complained, but it was not unusual for them to run in the field during the winter, when the measurements had to be carried out in a few seconds with accuracy.
Smoking is a major risk factor for COPD, up to 8 out of 10 patients with COPD being affected by smoking.
"Now I am 16 years to 100. There are many of these diseases, a lot of sugar, but I like to have a sweet meal." Relax with diabetes and well, and the lungs do not know whether it's good or what " , considers Bronislova.
It is not forbidden to have an active lifestyle – walking as well as recreation at sea during summer and the use of medication.
"Whatever the weather, I go to the forest for 9 hours and I go there and sleep until evening." The seaside passes, and immediately improves dramatically, says Ukermansky about the benefits of the sea, and suggests to others with COPD: much work and sleep. And there are plans ahead, although they say that pensioners can not plan, just three days before, because God is from taburetkos Let's get rid of laughter ", – smiles Mr. Bronislovas.
A terrible illness that is at risk for every smoker
COPD is usually diagnosed in 40 years. and elderly patients. Most of these are men or women who have a long-term experience in intensive smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for COPD, with 8 out of 10 COPD patients being affected by smoking (WHO data for 2017). People who spend a lot of time in the air and breathe in the air are also in danger of getting this serious illness.
Photo of Vida Press. Father smokes as he looks at the child
Vul Santaros Clinic, a pulmonologist Elena Jurevicienė, says COPD is a maladaptive disease. For a long time, the symptoms do not occur, the patient can only suffer from mild cough, often seen as a consequence of smoking. During progression, its symptoms, such as breathing, are often attributed to other illnesses, usually heart attacks. In addition, the main risk factor for both diseases – smoking – coincides.
"If a person is a smoker and is over 40 years old, he should be screened for COPD. The earlier we start treating this disease, the more likely we will be to progress or slow down.
It is very important to talk to patients about smoking, because if patients do not smoke, unfortunately the effect of medication is weaker and disease progression is more pronounced, "says the pulmonologist.
What is the treatment?
COPD irreversibly affects the lungs and disturbs their function, making it easier to prevent and treat the disease. The main preventive measure is quitting smoking.
"The disease is previously determined, the better the patient can be given the quality of life. First, you have to quit smoking and start regular treatment." Then the patient could have a good quality of life for a long time, "says E. Jurevičienė.
Patient treatment is both medicated and non-medical, which is also very important for effective disease management. The following factors are important factors for reducing the symptoms of the disease and reducing the risk of exacerbation:
- Quitting smoking and / or reducing internal and external pollution;
- Regular use of medicines;
- Physical activity;
- Balanced diet;
- Positive attitude.
Medication should be regular, help reduce the risk of exacerbation of the disease and slow the progression of the disease. Since October Health Ministry 100% A new generation of medicines for the treatment of COPD has also been included in the reimbursement list. The pulmonologist hopes that the medicines are now more affordable for patients and more effective for treatment so that more COPD patients will be treated and will have the opportunity to live well.