Scientists at the University of Queensland (UQ) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have developed for the first time a global map showing the countries that are still wild, untouched by industrial activity.
So how many wilds do they stay? The answer is small.
Studies show that, with the exception of Antarctica and the large seas, more than 77% of the land and 87% of the oceans have been replaced by human activity. This means that now only 23% of the land can still be considered wild and untouched.
"These results are nothing but the story of horror associated with the last corner of our planet's wildlife," said James Watson, a researcher at Queensland University's Biodiversity and Conservation Research Center.
123rf.com Photo / Alyaska
Researchers have developed a global mapping to determine who is responsible for preserving wildlife. And the results are unbelievable. It seems that 97% of wildlife is found in over 20 countries.
And Russia, Canada, Australia, USA and Brazil are the five countries where the vast majority of wildlife remains. These countries will have to play an extraordinary role in preserving wildlife for the future. And if this is not done – the consequences will be hard to imagine.
These wildlife areas not only provide shelter for many animal and plant species but also absorb the bulk of carbon dioxide. And this is an extremely important issue in the fight against climate change.
However, keeping these areas will be difficult because countries will have to limit their infrastructure development and mining, forestry, agriculture, aquaculture and large-scale industrial fishing.
"Conservation of wildlife on a global scale will only be ensured if these important countries take over leadership and lead by example. There is currently a lack of such actions," said one of the co-authors of the study, WCS Vice President for Conservation global primatologist John Robinson. – We've lost so much. We need to understand this and use this opportunity to keep the last remnants of wildlife until they disappear forever. "
Reuters / Scanpix Photo / Canada Nature
The authors of the study demand an "international political system," which is 100%. protect the rest of wildlife. It also calls on officials to include unprotected ecosystems in the United Nations Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Paris Climate Change Agreement, thus protecting wildlife. "The loss of wildlife must be treated in the same way as complete disappearance," says Watson. – The process is not correct as soon as the first step is done (vulnerable to wildlife) and that (the wild) we lose forever. "
The results of the research were published in the journal Nature.