Monday , March 20 2023

What are the symptoms of diabetes and what is useful to know about this disease


  • prevention of diabetes
  • Recognizing the symptoms of diabetes,
  • managing diabetes.

Today, world diabetes has over 425 million people. people. It is estimated that another 352 million people have a high risk of developing diabetes. The majority of patients (327 million) are people of active age, ie y. Aged 20-64 and living in cities (279 million).

According to the European Diabetes Federation, in 2017 the number of people with diabetes in Europe was 58 million. This figure is expected to be 2045. It may increase to 67 million

The number of people with diabetes in Lithuania in 2017 has reached 107,000. Most of these cases are Type 2 diabetes, which can be avoided by the principles of a healthy lifestyle: Regular physical activity and healthy and balanced nutrition. Families have a key role to play in managing diabetes management issues that need to be changed when the family maintains support, resources and a healthy environment for the sick.

1 out of 2 people currently living with type 2 diabetes have not been diagnosed with the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important in preventing complications of diabetes (diabetes is a predominant cause of heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation) and to achieve positive treatment outcomes. Diabetes can become relevant to all families, so it is vital that everyone recognizes their symptoms and understands risk factors.

As I mentioned, among the sick Type 2 diabetes (90% of all people in the world) with diabetes is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent urination
  • great thirst
  • growing hunger
  • weight loss
  • fatigue,
  • Failure to focus or maintain attention
  • weakened the king
  • vomiting and stomach pain (often confused with flu).
  • People in the immediate environment are primarily able to detect changes and therefore the role of the family is crucial for early diagnosis of diabetes.

However, the main factor in reducing the incidence of diabetes is prevention. Family is especially important here because one of the main factors that prevents diabetes can be feeding. The International Diabetes Association calls for the following: nutritional recommendations:

  • instead of fruit juice, raw water or other sweetened drinks, choose water, unhealthy tea;
  • Eat at least three servings of vegetables every day;
  • Eat up to three servings of fresh fruit each day;
  • nuts, fresh fruit or unsweetened yogurt for snacks;
  • limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • consuming white meat, poultry or seafood and avoiding processed meat;
  • eat peanut butter instead of chocolate or jam;
  • Choose whole grain bakery products, brown rice or whole grain cereals;
  • to prefer the use of unsaturated fats in the daily diet.

Another important goal of diabetes prevention is to promote physical activity, taking into account the individual's individual abilities and integration into daily activities (intense walking, jogging, gardening or other activities at home).

The Center for Health Education and Prevention emphasizes that, in order to minimize morbidity and mortality due to diabetes, we need to realize that permanent correction of risk factors for diabetes is required. A full range of health professionals are available to many Lithuanian residents by participating in the Program to Group Risks of Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiac and Blood Disease.

The purpose of this program is to introduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, to teach them how to change their lifestyle, manage stress, choose a healthy diet and physical activity and thus increase the health of the risk group. The program can be followed by 40-65 years. elderly people who are at risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes but who are not yet inactive.

To participate in this program for free, contact your family doctor or public health office in your home town.

The information was prepared by Irma Bukotienė, Public Health Specialist at the Center for Health Education and Disease Prevention, Non-Infectious Diseases

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