According to the World Health Organization, 15 million are the number of premature babies each year, accounting for more than one in 10 children.
World Prematurity Day, celebrated on November 17th each year, is an opportunity to raise awareness of premature births and remind people of the urgent need to take action to tackle this public health issue.
Pregnancy is a unique experience in the life of each future mother ending with the arrival of a small being that will change the lives of her parents forever. Unfortunately, it is not unusual for this period to be interrupted due to complications that lead to maternal or child health risks. Indeed, premature births (between the 32nd and 37th week of pregnancy) are more frequent than imagined. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 15 million are the number of premature babies each year, accounting for more than one in 10 children. Nearly one million die from complications related to prematurity and many survivors suffer from a life disability, including learning, visual and auditory disorders.
World Premature Birthday, celebrated on November 17, is an opportunity to raise awareness of premature births and to remind people of the urgent need to take action to address this public health issue. "Prematurity is due to a variety of reasons: Most preterm births occur spontaneously, but some result from an early onset of contractions or caesarean section, either for medical reasons or not." The frequent causes of premature birth include multiple pregnancies, infections and chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, however, it often happens that the cause is not identified, it would also be a genetic influence. A better understanding of the causes and mechanisms will lead to the development of prevention solutions "says WHO. And to add that "Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age.
In almost all countries with reliable data, the premature birth rate is rising. Survival rates show striking inequalities from one country to another. In low-income countries, half of the children born at 32 weeks (2 months too early) dies due to lack of affordable and accessible care such as breastfeeding, breast-feeding and basic care to treat children. infections and respiratory problems. In high income countries, almost all of these children survive. Insufficient use of technology in middle-income environments leads to more disability for premature infants who survive neonatal period. "
In Morocco, about 60,000 newborns per year require resuscitation, and over 50% are premature babies. According to a joint study conducted by Unicef, WHO, World Bank and UN-DESA, the UK has made progress in reducing child mortality, which is generally linked to premature births, from 63/1000 in 1990 to 23/1000 in 2016. Neonatal mortality decreased from 36 to 18 per 1000 over the same period. However, caring for these babies is still lacking. Indeed, in rural areas and small towns, it is almost impossible to take care of a premature newborn or breathing difficulties. And even in large cities, hospitals are not equipped enough to save lives, and often send parents to private clinics that take exorbitant rates between 3,000 and 10,000 DH per day. Many families are not able to pay these taxes to keep their children alive and sometimes they have to choose to stop their care or let them die.