Antibiotic-resistant bacteria not only endanger life but also weigh on health systems: they could generates annual spending up to $ 3.5 billion by 2050 in each OECD country, according to a report released on Wednesday, November 7.
"These bacteria are more expensive than flu, AIDS and TB and will cost more if states do not act to solve this problem," Michele Cechini, a public health specialist at AFP, told AFP. OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).
According to him, countries already spend on average 10% of their health budget for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
According to the report's report, which covers 33 of the 36 OECD countries, resistant bacteria could destroy 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050.
A separate study, published Monday in Lancet Infectious Diseases, reported 33,000 the number of deaths attributable to these bacteria in 2015 in the European Union.
However, we could fight them with "simple measures" at moderate costs, according to the OECD: "to encourage better hygiene" (by encouraging, for example, washing hands), "ending excessive antibiotic prescribing" rapid diagnostic tests to determine if an infection is viral (in which case antibiotics are unnecessary) or bacterial.
According to the OECD, these measures would only cost $ 2 per person per year prevents three quarters of deaths.
"Investing in a broad public health program that incorporates some of these measures could be eliminated in one year and would result in savings of $ 4.8 billion a year," the OECD says.
Health authorities, starting with the World Health Organization (WHO), regularly warn danger of over-consumption of antibiotics, which makes resistance to formidable bacteria. Young children and the elderly are particularly at risk.
"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russia, between 40 and 60% of infections are already resistant, compared to an average of 17% in OECD countries, "he said.
Even worse, "antibiotic resistance in the second or third line is expected to be 70% higher in 2030 than in 2005". These antibiotics are those that are supposed to be used as the last solution when there is no other solution.