If the trend continues, the number of children under five years of type 1 diabetes will double. Causes may be deficient in vitamin D and in clean houses.
Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that is not caused by obesity. In Europe, the number of children under 15 years of age who develop an autoimmune disease annually increases by 3.9%. Especially the increase in disease in very young children is remarkable. Between 2005 and 2020 the number of children under five with this condition will double.
The cause is not entirely clear. There is a genetic component, but environmental factors play a role. Because disease is more common in northern Europe, a vitamin D deficiency may be a cause. After all, this vitamin is created by the sun. Another explanation is that our homes are too clean. Since children do not get enough contact with germs, their immune system reacts differently so that the body can attack its own cells.