Psoriasis was declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) the 5th most important chronic non-communicable disease, along with diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular or respiratory diseases. Psoriasis affects more than 400,000 people in Romania (about 2% of the population) and about 125 million people worldwide.
Although psoriasis is not contagious, patients with psoriasis continue to be stigmatized by society
One important thing to remember is that psoriasis is not contagious. The reluctance that many of us manifest when contacting a person suffering from this condition is, therefore, completely unjustified. Unfortunately, as a result of associated stigma, the disease has severe psychosocial and professional implications, people with psoriasis being sometimes discriminated and isolated.
It is therefore not surprising that the patient with psoriasis has reached psychological comfort equal to or even higher than that diagnosed with cancer.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that occurs on a genetic background under the influence of certain trigger factors. The disease affects equally between women and men, with the average starting age being in the range of 15 to 30 years but may occur at any age, including children.
The exact causes of psoriasis are unknown. However, it is confirmed that the disease is linked to the immune system and that there is a genetic predisposition to develop this condition, and mental and emotional stress is an important factor that causes exacerbation of the disease.
According to Dr. Călin Giurcăneanu, MD, MD, Doctor of Medical Sciences, the disease does not only affect the skin, the joints and the nails but also has a lot of other comorbidities: diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, stroke, atherosclerosis, depression. As a result of these comorbidities, life expectancy can decrease by up to 5 years.
"Psoriasis is more than a skin disease, it is a condition that passes through the skin barrier and has many comorbidities. Thus, a patient with vulgar psoriasis may have a severity of the associated disease several times higher than a patient without this condition. Therefore, in its treatment, one should not neglect the interdisciplinary consultation, having the dermatologist as the central pillar"Says Dr. Călin Giurcăneanu.
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The main symptoms of psoriasis
The most common symptoms of this condition include:
- red, inflamed skin lesions with various well-defined shapes and sizes;
- white-peeled scuame (scratches) at the level of the lesions, which detach easily;
- dry skin that sometimes cracks and bleeds;
- itching, irritation or burning.
The areas where injuries usually occur are elbows, knees, scalp, lumbar region of the back. In some cases, psoriasis can also spread to nails or palms or to any body region.
How to treat psoriasis
Psoriasis can be kept under control with local treatments, biological treatment solutions, but only given as directed by your doctor. Lifestyle also plays a very important role in the management of psoriasis and consists of a balanced diet, movement, stress management and a positive mental state.
"Psoriasis can be controlled and treated if well managed and, fortunately, there are more and more biological treatment solutions. In this chapter, Romania is as good as other countries, such as Germany and France, and we can offer patients the latest therapies for psoriasis. Treatments are affordable, compensated, many of which are free"Explains Dr. Alin Nicolescu, primary dermatovenerologist, Secretary General of the Romanian Society of Dermatology.
On the www.psoriazis.info platform, people with psoriasis, as well as anyone interested, can learn more about the disease, ask questions from doctors, get expert advice, or share the story.
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