Friday , March 31 2023

Mental health for children and adolescents


Reports at the 5th International Hope Conference in Jeddah

Jeddah: Dr. Abdul Hafiz Yahya Khoja

The 5th International Hope Conference in Jeddah, entitled "Towards Better Psychological Health for Children and Young People", began Thursday. Conference and workshop sessions will take three days. Dr. Nawaf bin Abdul Aziz Al Harthy, general supervisor of the Al-Amal Mental Health Center in Jeddah, said that 60 experts and mental and mental and psychiatric and child-addicts experts from the United States, Great Britain , Lebanon, the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Gulf countries. In which 33 workshops are organized to share experiences and future planning and to use mental and mental health and mental health of the child, developing a holistic image of physical and social needs.

Childhood and adolescence
Dr. Khalid bin Awad Bazid, assistant professor and counselor in psychiatry for children and adolescents, explained that the positive aspect of mental health is reflected in the definition of health contained in the WHO Constitution that health is a complete physical, mental and social state of safety Only lack of illness or disability. Children and adolescents also have increased global attention, especially lately, where the needs of this age group are highlighted globally and highlight the importance of early detection of developmental and behavioral disorders as well as early intervention in holistic treatment.
Dr. Bazid adds that 20 percent of children and adolescents in the world suffer from psychological disorders and problems. It points out that precarious mental health is linked to rapid social change, education, gender discrimination, social exclusion, unhealthy lifestyles, violence and rights violations.
More than half of all psychiatric and psychological disorders begin before puberty, mental disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, autism and other neurodevelopment disorders. Most of these disorders are not detected or delayed.
According to global statistics, depression is the third leading cause of psychiatric and psychiatric disorders, and suicide is the second leading cause of death in the 15-29 age group as a result of road accidents. Alcohol, stimulants and medications have also been seen growing in adolescents and even at an early age, thus posing a clear threat to social, security and economic levels, with the exception of interventions by responsible authorities. These priority cases have been chosen because they are a significant burden in terms of mortality, morbidity or disability and have high economic costs associated with human rights violations.
Dr. Bazid refers to the use of Internet technologies and smart devices and many useful uses if wisely used and warns of excessive use of dependence on consistent loss of youth energies and guidance in its usefulness, and psychological.
Saudi Arabia is not isolated from the world, which has become a single village. Despite its religious and social characteristics, its children are exposed to all these psychological disorders that have affected others as well as their modern age. He stressed the importance of the mental health of our children and the Ministry of Health as a priority for the Ministry of Health in developing future plans and launching its health initiatives with regard to the "Transitional National Transition Program 2020" and "Vision 2030".

Psychiatric disorders
> Suicide is a global phenomenon. According to the WHO, suicide occurs not only in high-income countries, but also globally in all regions of the world. In fact, 75% of global suicides occur in low and middle income countries. Statistics show that a person dies every 40 seconds of suicide somewhere in the world. Each year, more than 800,000 people die at the end of their lives by suicide, and each suicide case is a tragedy that affects families, communities and entire countries, which have long-term effects on those who have lagged behind. Suicide occurs in different stages of life. In particular, suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people aged 15-29 years worldwide. This is a risk indicator that requires immediate action as well as awareness of the seriousness of suicide and suicide attempts on public health, and of giving greater priority to the problem of preventing suicide in the global public health agenda.

The baby is angry fast
Children are usually in a precarious and irritable situation, and this is not a concern for them; this turbulent behavior distinguishes this age of minors and adolescents, although it is harmful and painful for both parents and for the family. The event abounds in demand, refuses to comply with directives, and is rarely calm and stable, but can still be acceptable.
According to the Royal College of Psychiatrists, there are many factors and factors that make the child's activity more than natural.
> Family history as if parents themselves suffer from depression and psychological anxiety that prevents children from attending and listening to them, and this causes juveniles or young people to generate noise to draw attention to them.
> Lack of house rules and standards of fair behavior, and therefore the child has no control over his or her behavior and actions.
> Mood. Children are born in different settings, while some are quiet and wet, the other troubled and modern, noisy and unstable. In fact, he does not worry, but has to guide parents to help their children regulate their behavior.
> Difficulty learning Some children need to help their parents learn and continue their studies while other children have no difficulty. Parents are encouraged to follow the first type of children in school and with teachers.
Hearing problems. The cause can be an organic ear disease such as otitis media. It is difficult for the child to hear what the others are saying and is forced to shout to hear it and can cause noise and noise.
> Foodstuffs. Some children get irritated and upset when they are given food they do not like or dislike. This is uncommon, but some children also need to be considered.
The solution is that parents should feel that their children are being cared for and cared to make them calm and take care of the details of their lives. The Royal College of Psychiatrists recommends:
– Choose one of the days of the week you spend with your children and allow them time to empty their energies and let them go as they please without restrictions.
– Encourage your child to praise and encourage him in any possible occasion, especially when playing alone or playing your favorite hobby, tell him: "You are a good player, for example."
– Consultation of the psychiatrist in the case of a repeated refusal of the child with respect to a particular food or in case of doubts as to the fact that he or she has an audience. Also consult a pediatrician in the case of learning difficulties or hyperactivity because excessive behavior in the child's movement is always a problem for parents and for the family.

Nocturnal nocturnal
It is normal for most children under the age of 2 to urinate during sleep and this continues until the fifth when they learn to control urination at night. This condition can occur after the fifth, when the baby is tired and tired or during deep sleep or during a pain and may be the reason to drink too much before bed. If the case continues after the age of six, even once a week or if it urinates after a break, this is abnormal and requires consultation with the doctor.
Why does the baby urinate during the day? 30 per cent of children with night urination do the same thing during the day, which is a difficult problem, especially when the child starts school and usually does not return to school baths or because of its long and urinary retention until end of the year. This condition is seen in girls due to urinary tract infection responding to drug therapy.
The solution: Psychiatrists are usually advised to follow simple methods that succeed in many cases, such as:
– Do not blame the child or make him feel bad and his action is shameful, tense and the problem becomes more difficult.
– Make sure the baby does not take stimulants or drink fluids before bedtime.
– Take the baby to the bathroom before bedtime.
– Praising the child for "doing good" and rewarding him when he spends a night without urinating himself.
– Consult your doctor if the condition persists.
In conclusion, Dr. Khalid Bazid emphasizes that prevention is better than treatment, therefore prevention should begin by helping to build a flexible mind at an early age to reduce or prevent mental and mental disorders in children, adolescents and young adults through the education of parents and teachers. Psychological disorder.
It also emphasizes the importance of experienced psychologists and social workers in schools and educational institutions in providing psychological and social support and training for health workers, especially in primary care centers, to enable them to detect and treat mental and mental health disorders in children and adolescents.
Community medicine consultant

Source link