Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease – the immune system is fighting against the body.
Approximately 8,000 patients with multiple sclerosis live in Slovakia. "Their number increases, which can be caused by early diagnosis and, in particular, prolonging patients' lives," said Jarmila Fajnorová, president of the Slovak Society of Scleroris Multiplex (SZSM), for TASR.
The disease affects the central nervous system, the brain, and the spinal cord. It belongs to autoimmune diseases, ie those in which the immune system fights against the body. In particular, it attacks the nerve fibers and destroys them.
When someone is embarrassing, they often say they have sclerosis. Neurologist Branislav Brezhny, however, explains that there is no sclerosis such as sclerosis. If the disease affects the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for mental function, the clinical manifestation of a person with vascular sclerosis is evident. Multiple sclerosis is also referred to as multiple sclerosis, because scars are many and are scattered all over the brain, "explained TASR Brezhny.
From the first symptoms to the development of the clinical condition of the disease, it may be several years. Often, the first symptom is the marking of fatigue, weakness and tingling of the limbs. The patient usually does not pay attention and does not see a doctor because he does not consider this condition to be alarming, says the neurologist, adding that visual disturbances, urinary disorders, equilibrium disturbances and traps occur in patients.
The cause of the disease is unknown
The multiplex of sclerosis has varied and often transient expressions. Therefore, diagnosis can not be easy and may confuse the head with an experienced neurologist, "Brejny said, but the most serious problem is the limitation of impulse and fatigue." Patients do not move, they will not. Even during a small exercise they suddenly weaken and have to relax, "said Fajnor." For more serious mobility disorders, patients use French walking sticks, bars, walkers and wheelchairs. "Impact on soft handwheels makes it more difficult .
Experts do not yet know the exact cause of the disease. The infection factor may be viral infections. "There are more than one hundred viruses diagnosed after infection," says Brezhny. Experts predict that the environment and high hygiene standards of the population, stress, nutritional habits or allergies may be affected. vitamin D deficiency and smoking, especially in young women, "added Brežný.
The occurrence is more common in women
Multiple sclerosis does not appear from a tribe to a tribe, although in families where the disease has already occurred, it happens more often than in the rest of the population, says neurologist, which occurs in teens and twenty, about three times more women under SZSM, multiple sclerosis is the most common neurological disorder that leads to disability.
As a major advance in the treatment and diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, the neurologist considers the discovery of new imaging examination methods and their introduction into medical practice. Magnetic resonance imaging is now the only imaging method that can confirm the damage to the nerve fiber packaging. We also establish the effectiveness of treatment, "says Brezhny.
Progress in research has led to the emergence of a new biological treatment that multiple multiple sclerosis may have. "In the past, the patient was briefly diagnosed with skeletal disabilities, and women were not advised to have children, but today the patient with the disease has a lifetime, is able to take care of the family, and disability has changed better 15 years, "SZSM officials say.
The most important is the diet
Modern medicine treatment is financially difficult, but it is entirely covered by health insurance companies in Slovakia. Approximately 2,000 patients are treated in this country, and in 2016 health insurance companies have spent more than 44 million euros. But the patient pays for supplements of vitamins and attenuators, such as muscle relaxants or pain, said the union.
"In centers for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, we would like to have an outpatient clinic, in addition to neurological outpatient, where the recurrence of the disease, ie its rapid onset and clinical worsening of the condition, can be treated immediately. in the medical field, such as an ophthalmologist, urologist, rehabilitation worker, psychologist, sociologist or lawyer. "We would like full care in one place to operate in some Western European countries," said Fajnor .
Stretching with other patients is part of psychotherapy
From the Bureau of Labor, Social Affairs and Family, the patient can receive contributions for various compensatory aids, the renovation of the barrier apartment or the purchase of a vehicle required for individual transport, depending on the degree of disability. In the social insurance company, he can claim an invalidity pension.
SZSM covers 25 clubs in Slovakia. For their members and others, they mainly organize educational activities and workshops of different physical activities, with practical demonstrations. Reconditioning also remains. "The meeting of patients with multiple sclerosis is part of psychotherapy," added Fajnor. An integral part of the SZSM's annual activities was the vision of ability, a competitive examination of the capacities and abilities of persons with disabilities as part of the SZSM's annual activities. more.