Two million IT specialists will be missing in the European Union for two years. This is despite the fact that this area is one of the best listed on the labor market, including Slovakia.
According to the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, the average monthly salary in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT) was EUR 1,714 per year. In total, 57,000 IT specialists worked in this sector in Slovakia.
"Even in 2010, there were fewer than 40,000 people. The number of people in the ICT sector is growing, but market demands are getting bigger, as many areas of our lives digitize more, so Slovakia feels a lack of specialists IT, "said Lenka Buchláková, Slovenka Sporitelna. Also, the IT sector has seen sales growth in Slovakia in recent years. Since 2010, sales have increased by 37.5%, to 6.3 billion euros in 2017.
IT specialists from men are still significantly more than women. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) states that in one of its member countries only one of the 200 girls from the age of 15 wants to work in the IT field and the boys one in 20. At the same time, many boys like girls expect to become engineers, scientists or architects.
According to the analyst, despite the fact that higher education per year is higher for women than for men in OECD countries, only 24% of engineering graduates and 25% of IT graduates are women. According to the Eurostat European Statistics Office, the share of women in IT has fallen in the EU over the past ten years. While their share in the IT sector was 22.5% in 2010, they were slightly over 17% in 2017.
This trend is not limited to IT workers but also to the business sector. Only ten of the innovative companies that are trying to invest in venture capital have been set up by women. At the same time, they receive 23% less money than those created by men.
"If more people, including women, could be attracted by the IT sector, it would also trigger economic growth in the Union, with over 1.2 million jobs created by 2050. The domestic product the gross could so far increase by 820 billion euros, "the analyst added.