Tuesday , June 28 2022

In 90% of cases prostate cancer does not produce symptoms



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Dr. Oswaldo Carmona, a urologist, has defined this pathology as a "malignant tumor that has metastatic ability," that is, invading other parts of the body such as lymph nodes and bones that occur when the tumor cells detach.

In Venezuela, the incidence of this type of neoplasia is 4 to 6% of new cases each year and the mortality rate in 2016 was 2,940, according to the most recent study on the state of cancer in the country conducted by the Venezuelan Anticancer Society (SAV) with the support of the Center for Statistics and Applied Mathematics of Simón Bolívar University (Cesma).

Carmona pointed out that one of the biggest problems of this condition is that it is asymptomatic in 90% of cases, which is why many patients are diagnosed when they have an advanced stage of the disease. Therefore, the importance of early prevention.

He pointed out that the only way men can prevent or eradicate them before metastasis is visiting the urologist at the age of 40 if he has a family history or 45 years if he does not have one. "The check should be yearly or biannual, depending on the prostate-specific antigen values ​​in the blood."

Therefore, it is recommended to perform a test that determines the concentration of this substance, often high in men with prostate cancer, in addition to the rectal examination that detects the presence or absence of nodules, the mobility of prostate organs, temperature and pain, the doctor explains.

Risk factors

Dr. Oswaldo Carmona commented that the specific cause of this type of tumor is not yet known, but heredity has proven to be an important risk factor, so men whose parents, brothers or uncles have developed cancer have a higher predisposition than those who do not have family history.

He added that age, obesity, sedentary lifestyle and smoking are other triggers, as with other types of cancer, so in addition to the exams mentioned above, it is also necessary to change the lifestyle habits that affect their appearance.

The urologist affirmed that the treatment will depend on the age of the patient, the stage in which the disease is found, and may include radical prostectomy (removal of the entire prostate gland as well as a portion of the surrounding tissue) in the case of young localized cancer; as well as brachytherapy (internal radiation) and other radiant therapies in elderly patients. NP

RA

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