Sydney, Australia, November 27 (EFE). A region of the brain, called the endorestiform nucleus, was discovered near the cerebrum-spinal junction after almost 30 years of suspecting its existence for the first time, according to academic sources.
"The region is intriguing because it seems to be absent in the rhesus macaque and other animals we have studied," said his discoverer, George Paxinos, a brain mapper and expert at the University of New South Wales (UNSW).
"There must be a few things that are unique in the human brain beyond their large dimensions, and the endo-terminal nucleus may be one of them," said the Greco-Australian expert in Neuroscientific Research Australia and the author of an Atlas of the World Reference Brain .
The endorestiform nucleus is located in the inferior peduncle of the cerebellum, an area that integrates sensory and motor information to improve the position, balance and smooth movements of the motor, including small movements of the hands, legs, fingers, lips or tongue.
"I can only guess their functions, but given that the brain part is inside, it could be involved in controlling fine motor movements," said the scientist.
The discovery could help explore ways to treat diseases such as Parkinson's disease and other neurological diseases, according to the statement.