Photo: Europa Press
(Caracas, November 10 – Europe Press). – Consuming coffee at breakfast not only provides an increase in energy and attention but can also protect it against the development of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, according to a new study by the Brain Institute at Krembil in Toronto (Canada).
Coffee consumption seems to have a certain correlation with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, explains Dr. Donald Weaver, co-director of the Brain Krembil Institute. But we wanted to investigate why it's happening, what compounds are involved, and how they can affect cognitive decline in age.
Dr. Weaver has called on Dr. Ross Mancini, a researcher in medical chemistry and biologist Yanfei Wang. Investigate three different types of coffee: roasted in light, fried dark and dark.
"Both caffeine coffee uncooked without caffeine and coffeine had identical potentials in our initial experimental tests, so we noticed from the outset that its protective effect can not be due to caffeine," he explains.
Subsequently, Dr. Mancini identified a group of compounds known as phenylindan as a result of the roasting process of coffee beans. Phenylindans are unique because they are investigated in the study in the study, which prevents the cloning of both amyloid beta and tau, two fragments of common proteins in cases of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. So, phenylindans are a double inhibitor. It's very interesting and we did not expect it. "Doctor Weaver admits.
Since coffee roasting generates higher amounts of phenylindane, dark roasting seems to be more protective than light roasting. "It's the first time someone investigates how phenylalanine interacts with the proteins responsible for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's," says Dr. Mancini. The next step would be to investigate to what extent these compounds are beneficial and whether they have the ability to reach the blood or cross the blood-brain barrier.
The fact that it is a natural compound compared to a synthetic compound is also a great advantage, Dr. Weaver admits. However, He admits that much more research is needed before being translated into possible therapeutic options. "What this study is doing is to take epidemiological evidence and show that there really are coffee components that are beneficial to prevent cognitive decline." It's interesting, but we suggest that coffee is a cure, absolutely not, "he warns.